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Cannabis Christian Conundrum: Your Sacrament Is Too Mild And Too Popular


religion god cannabis marijuanaMy colleague Anthony Johnson has already written up an excellent piece on God, Jesus & Cannabis: a Holy Trinity? The First Amendment on Trial, detailing the cruel imprisonment of Roger Christie of the Hawai’i THC Ministry.  What I found interesting was the analysis of the case by Douglas Laycock, a constitutional law professor at University of Virginia.  Mr. Christie will be basing his appeal on the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA), a Clinton-era law that provides some measure of protection for religious uses of forbidden sacraments.  The RFRA has been used successfully by adherents of native religions who use peyote or hoasca, both powerful hallucinogens that are Schedule I drugs – dangerous drugs with no medical use, as the government mistakenly classifies cannabis.  Interestingly, Prof. Laycock told the New York Times the following:

“The difference is that peyote and hoasca have little or no recreational market, and that is not likely to change because they make you sick before they make you high. Marijuana has a huge recreational market. Diversion from religious to recreational uses, and false claims of religious use, would be major problems.”

According to the RFRA, the government must have a “compelling interest” to “substantially burden” the free exercise of religion as guaranteed by the First Amendment.  Preventing members of a religion from using their holy sacrament is definitely a substantial burden.  For instance, we substantially burden the followers of, say, Cthulhu* by forbidding them from practicing virgin sacrifices, because the government has a compelling interest to prevent murder.

In the case of sacramental cannabis, the government’s compelling interest is the enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act, that law that makes cannabis illegal for anyone to use any time for any reason.  Yes, cannabis, peyote, and hoasca are all Schedule I, but the peyote and hoasca make you puke violently and are only used by small, readily identifiable sects of true believers.  If Uncle Sam turns a blind eye when some natives visit the spirit realm, that’s not likely to lead to teenagers taking peyote trips and drinking hoasca tea after school at 4:20pm.

But if Uncle Sam allows the Roger Christies, the Rastafarians, and the Coptic Christians to use cannabis without repercussions, there will be twenty million suddenly religious pot smokers in America and enforcing the Controlled Substances Act against marijuana will be nigh impossible.

So, as sacraments go, cannabis is just too mild and too popular to pass Constitutional scrutiny.  I wish Roger Christie all the luck in the world, but so long as the Controlled Substances Act exists and cannabis is in Schedule I, I cannot see how a RFRA appeal can ever be successful.

This case just highlights a larger issue in cannabis activism: the seeking of exemptions to criminal penalties for certain reasons, rather than the seeking of the right to use cannabis, period.  So long as we fight for exemptions, like freedom to use cannabis if we have a certain ailment or freedom to use cannabis if we follow a certain belief, we tacitly approve of two assumptions – 1) someone has the right to judge whether we get to use cannabis and 2) cannabis use without ailment or belief is somehow wrong.

*Cthulhu is a fictional cosmic entity created by horror author H. P. Lovecraft in 1926.  I use it in place of real religions to avoid offense.  

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About Author

Executive Director: Russ Belville has been active in Oregon marijuana reform since 2005, when he was elected second-in-command of the state affiliate, Oregon NORML. After four years with Oregon NORML, Russ was hired by National NORML in 2009, working as Outreach Coordinator and hosting the NORML Daily Audio Stash podcast until 2012. Since then, Russ launched the 420RADIO marijuana legalization network and is the host of The Russ Belville Show, a live daily marijuana news talk radio program. Russ is also a prolific writer, with over 300 articles posted online and in print in HIGH TIMES, Huffington Post, Alternet, The Weed Blog, Marijuana Politics, and more.


  1. Everyone has the “ailment” of being human and “belief” in their next breath, thus those “two assumptions”
    can be nulified so yes, let’s join forces and fight for exemptions. WHERE THERE IS UNITY, THERE IS STRENGTH

  2. Ultimo Patriarch on

    How is Cthulhu more fictional than Jesus man and God? I find him much more believable and if the Mormons can get away with it stop discriminating against Cthulhuists. The rest of your argument is quite valid however.

  3. ” I use it in place of real religions to avoid offense.”

    A local committee of Cthulhu worshipers takes offense and demands an apology accompanied by a virgin sacrifice to Cthulhu.

  4. tennesseetuxedo59 on

    no matter what hes been in jail for 3 years as an example by mean spitired asslohes. far more time than his supposed crime warrants

  5. The Reverend Roger Christie and the other defendants entered pleas of “NOT GUILTY” with the intention of establishing their religious exemption through criminal court trial proceedings. This course of action is consistently advised by this ministry as ignorant of reality and doomed for failure but this plea for rationality falls upon deaf ears. The Controlled Substance Act defines cannabis as, “a drug with high levels of abuse AND with NO medical use.” The correct practice in DUE PROCESS procedure is to challenge Arraignment as all criminal court proceedings in cannabis prohibition are based upon a DEFECTIVE WARRANT. A study on the Meyer Decision is published on the brothersformercy.net along with other pertinent information for effectively making an informed decision that is recognizable in court. http://brothersformercy.net/brothersformercy.net/brothersformercy.com/knhtreatise.pdf

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