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Details About The Newly Introduced Senate Medical Marijuana Bill


federal medical marijuana billToday three United States Senators introduced a bipartisan medical marijuana bill (Cory Booker (D-NJ), Rand Paul (R-KY), and Kristen Gillibrand (D-NY)). This is the first time in United States history that a bill like this has ever been introduced in the United States Senate. Tom Angell from the Marijuana Majority had the following to say about the bill:

“This comprehensive proposal would effectively end the war on medical marijuana and let states compassionately provide care for seriously ill people without the federal government standing in the way. The fact that two young Democrats with likely long political futures have teamed up with a probable 2016 Republican presidential candidate shows how medical marijuana is a nonpartisan, noncontroversial issue that draws support from across the spectrum. With polls showing an overwhelming majority of American voters backing marijuana reform, you’d think taking up this proposal would be a no-brainer for legislative leaders who want to show that Congress can still get things done.”

And from my friends at Law Enforcement Against Prohibition:

Today, a comprehensive bipartisan medical marijuana legalization bill was introduced to Congress that would prevent federal law enforcement agencies from interfering in state medical marijuana laws. The Compassionate Access, Research Expansion, and Respect States (CARERS) Act would recognize marijuana’s medical validity by rescheduling it from Schedule I (no accepted medical use and high potential for abuse) into Schedule II (some medical value and high potential for abuse). This would allow banks greater freedom to provide financial services to state-legal medical dispensaries, improve transportability of the drug, and open doors for scientific research. Currently, medical marijuana patients, dispensary owners and cultivators are still in violation of federal law, and could be subject to federal prosecution. This has remained an obstacle for many other states that would otherwise be considering similar policies.

“Whether patients have safe access to medicine is a public health issue, not a criminal justice one,” said Maj. Neill Franklin (Ret.), executive director of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, a law enforcement group opposed to the war on drugs. “If this bill passes many patients who could benefit from medical marijuana will no longer have to forego treatment for fear of arrest, be considered criminals for obtaining necessary medication, or put themselves in danger by accessing a dangerous unregulated market. We would never put underground drug dealers in charge of selling chemotherapy drugs or antidepressants, and we shouldn’t be putting them in control of marijuana either.”

If passed, the CARERS Act would adjust banking regulations so that financial institutions could provide banking services to marijuana businesses operating in accordance with state law. This has been a major obstacle, forcing dispensaries to operate as cash-only businesses, creating serious logistical problems and opening them up to all sorts of security concerns.

The bill would also remove a requirement that the Department of Health and Human Services do a public health service review before approving studies and end the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s current monopoly on marijuana research by allowing for at least three more research licenses to be granted. Overwhelming anecdotal evidence – and what little domestic research that has been approved – clearly support the medical efficacy of marijuana, but because research is rarely permitted for Schedule I substances, the scientific community has been unable to fully and accurately assess its effectiveness for specific conditions in controlled settings. If passed, the bill would also permit VA doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients who often suffer from combat related depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. The State of Colorado recently awarded $2 million dollars to the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies for research into the effects of marijuana use on veterans with PTSD.

Finally, it would allow states to import CBD products, which contain a powerful compound found in marijuana that reduces the incidence and severity of seizures in epileptic patients. Twelve states currently have laws allowing for some form of access to CBD, though these laws are not generally considered full “medical marijuana laws” because CBD as an extracted substance has fewer applications than medications using the whole plant. They remain attractive to some policymakers, however, because they exclude THC, a psychoactive but medically useful cannabinoid.

Last year, President Obama signed into law the federal “Cromnibus” spending bill, which includes a provision that prevents the Department of Justice from using its money to create barriers for medical marijuana laws and legally operating dispensaries in those states where it is legal. In addition to the dozen states that allow CBD use, twenty three states and the District of Columbia allow some degree of medical marijuana access, and many more state legislatures are considering such measures as well.

Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is committed to ending decades of failed policy that have fueled dangerous underground markets and gang violence, fostered corruption and racism, and largely ignored the public health crisis of addiction, all while spending more than a trillion dollars diverting the penal system’s attention away from more important violent crimes.

And from Americans for Safe Access:

Comprehensive medical marijuana legislation was introduced today in the US Senate for the first time in the country’s history. Senators Rand Paul (R-KY), Cory Booker (D-NJ), and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) introduced the Compassionate Access, Research Expansion, and Respect States (CARERS) Act to end the federal prohibition on medical marijuana and allow states to set their own policies. The CARERS Act is endorsed by several advocacy groups including Americans for Safe Access (ASA), which helped Senate authors develop the legislation.

The CARERS Act will reclassify marijuana for medical use, overhaul the banking laws so as not to punish licensed businesses, allow veterans to have access to medical marijuana, and eliminate current barriers to research. Currently, twenty-three states and the District of Columbia have adopted medical marijuana laws, and another twelve states have adopted laws allowing for the consumption of a specific form of cannabis known as Cannabidiol or CBD commonly used to treat seizure disorders.

Despite the passage of medical marijuana laws in more than half of the United States, it remains illegal under federal law. Because of this, qualified patients who use medical marijuana in compliance with state law are still at risk of federal enforcement, as are dispensary owners and government regulators. Families with children suffering from severe epileptic seizures are forced to relocate or travel long distances to get treatment for their loved ones, and are vulnerable to arrest for doing so. Lawful medical marijuana businesses are currently prohibited from accessing banking services and forced to operate on a cash-only basis, causing numerous public safety issues. Furthermore, veterans are routinely prevented from using medical marijuana in conjunction with PTSD or pain medication.

“The CARERS Act is groundbreaking for its unprecedented introduction by Senators Paul, Booker, and Gillibrand, for the scope of protection it would offer to qualified patients, and for significantly increased research opportunities,” said ASA Government Affairs Director Mike Liszewski. “We look forward to working with the US Senate to ensure passage of this important legislation.”

Hundreds of patient advocates are expected to gather in Washington, DC for a lobby day on Tuesday, March 31st as part of ASA’s third annual Unity Conference. US Senators have never had to take a public position on medical marijuana issues, but the ASA lobby day focused on the CARERS Act will provide a unique opportunity for patient advocates to play a role in shaping those positions.

The CARERS Act is being introduced just months after Congress passed Section 538 of the Appropriations Act, a one-year spending provision that prohibits the Department of Justice (DOJ) from using its funds to interfere in the implementation of state medical marijuana laws. This bill goes further by codifying that change and preventing any federal agency — not just DOJ — from interfering with the implementation of state laws.

The CARERS Act is a composite of current and soon-to-be-introduced House legislation. Specifically, the bill will amend the Controlled Substances Act to explicitly allow states to set their own medical marijuana policies without violating federal law. The CARERS Act will reclassify marijuana from its current Schedule I status as a dangerous drug with no medical value to Schedule II. The bill will also change federal law to allow banks to provide financial services to licensed businesses, allow Veteran Affairs physicians to recommend medical marijuana to their patients, and enable CBD to be imported to states that have legalized its use. The CARERS Act will also remove bureaucratic barriers to research and break the current monopoly on the production of research-grade marijuana.

And the Drug Policy Alliance:

Today, Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ), Rand Paul (R-KY), and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) announced the introduction of legislation to legalize marijuana for medical use. The Compassionate Access, Research Expansion and Respect States – CARERS – Act is the first-ever bill in the U.S. Senate to legalize marijuana for medical use and the most comprehensive medical marijuana bill ever introduced in Congress. The CARERS Act will do the following:

  • Allow states to legalize marijuana for medical use without federal interference
  • Permit interstate commerce in cannabidiol (CBD) oils
  • Reschedule marijuana to schedule II
  • Allow banks to provide checking accounts and other financial services to marijuana dispensaries
  • Allow Veterans Administration physicians to recommend medical marijuana to veterans
  • Eliminate barriers to medical marijuana research.

“This legislation is a game-changer,” said Michael Collins, policy manager for the Drug Policy Alliance. “It is worth noting that Senators with a national profile are championing this issue. Ending the war on medical marijuana is not only the right thing to do, it is the smart thing to do.”

Twenty-three states and the District of Columbia have laws that legalize and regulate marijuana for medicinal purposes. Twelve states have laws on the books or are about to be signed into law by their governors regulating cannabidiol (CBD) oils, a non-psychotropic component of medical marijuana which some parents are utilizing to treat their children’s seizures. Four states and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana for non-medical use.

Last year, the Republican-controlled House passed an amendment to a spending bill prohibiting the Department of Justice from undermining state medical marijuana laws. This amendment was backed by Sens. Rand Paul and Cory Booker and made it into the final “cromnibus” bill that was signed by President Obama in December. Unfortunately the amendment expires at the end of this fiscal year, making legislation like the Paul-Booker-Gillibrand CARERS Act essential.

The House also passed four other amendments last year letting states set their own marijuana policies, but those amendments never made it into law. Polls show roughly three-quarters of Americans support legalizing marijuana for medical use. A little more than half of voters support legalizing marijuana for non-medical use, in the same way alcohol is legal, taxed, and regulated.


About Author

Johnny Green


  1. This section of the bill overrides all that with respect to medical marihuana. It places regulation into the hands of states =>

    “Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the provisions of this title relating to marihuana shall not apply to any person acting in compliance with State law relating to the production, possession, distribution, dispensation, administration, laboratory testing, or delivery of medical marihuana.”

  2. Whyiowa4medical on

    Where??? Glutethimide is no longer available in America, I was once prescribed it at a C-III in the 1970s. Phencyclidine is PCP, it is a dissociative hallucinogen that is only used in veterinary applications, invented in 1927 it was used for surgery in humans in the 1950s. Pentobarbital Sodium and Seconal Sodium are so restricted that only a weeks supply, if that. It was kept on the market ONLY for twilight sleep procedures that require a whopping TWO capsules, and this is commonly in the hospital. C-II substances may be easy to get at “pill mills,” but not for common folk like the millions that could be helped by cannabis. You hope, well too many will be hoping in one hand and defecating in the other and the defecation hand will be full first!!! You do not know the BNDD, their power over doctors is far beyond the DEA and they can give the DEA orders!!! I can easily get a job to hire and fire doctors, and I know the fear the BNDD elicits. They are the Board of Pharmacy (who can red flag you at every pharmacy in the country) on steroids. They arrest both doctors and patients!!!

  3. To me it looks like cannabis is being more widely accepted by everyone in the US, with more than half now supportive of legalization. I think that’s a great sign!

  4. “ending prohibition is exactly the sort of thing they stand for as a party – less government regulation and the protection of privacy”

    You keep saying these words, but I don’t think you know what they mean. Below, you seemed to realize that this IS NOT what they stand for. It is what some of them SAY they stand for. The GOP, by and large, is authoritarian, not libertarian, and they are the last bastion of hippie punching racists who just love the fact that DFHs and people of color are the ones whose lives are ruined by this bullshit.

    “once they stopping thinking it’s political suicide to come out in support”

    Watch what happens to Rand Paul in the primaries. He’s already become more of a war monger in order to try to win the votes of the base. Watch him become more authoritarian on this issue, too, once he realizes that the people who will be voting in the GOP primaries don’t much care for legalizing, or even decriminalizing, weed.

  5. The party as it acts now, and as it has acted for a long time now… And the party doesn’t really claim to be all that libertarian. If they did, they wouldn’t war monger, try to make Democrats look like terrorists for opposing the Patriot Act, or further empower corporations to rig free markets in order to redistribute wealth and income upward…

    So, you might be listening to the bullshitters in the party who claim to be for liberty while practicing fascism, but if you’re paying attention, you’d just vote for the damn Democrats. Unless you really love Republicans for some reason… and then, hopefully, you can vote for one of the handful who are actually libertarian, at least on this issue. Odds are, you don’t get a chance to vote for such a Republican, though.

    “their fellow Republicans are coming out in support.”

    Jetdoc won’t argue with me anymore because I proved that his bullshit about a majority of Republicans supporting legalization was wrong. They don’t. And that’s the thing.. In state and local races where the voting is close, you might see some Republicans moderate on this issue. We already have to some extent.

    But when it comes to GOP Presidential primaries, we’re talking about the base. And the base will go to their graves punching hippies.

  6. This entire Republican/Democrat controversy is worthless and just enforces in-fighting. There are no Party’s – Can we please expand on the “people” versus our federal government? Because that is the reality – Neither Party wants to play with us… It is completely scripted now as to who does what and how it will look, instead of just following what the people want (period). These are ALL rich paid off individuals looking to profit from lying to us for 80 years.

  7. On the Federal MMJ Bill… While this IS a positive step, I still
    believe that the government telling us what roses or corn we can grow
    and what we can do to treat ourselves (naturally) is wrong – I believe
    “Medical Marijuana” is a term used now to tax, register & regulate
    us. That is not freedom – Cannabis has ALWAYS been medicinal. Unless
    they make some money from lying to us for 80 years, it will not be
    legalized. (killing us with approved pharma, incarcerations and total family
    annihilation’s plus the deaths that could have been prevented, etc.) It
    is a positive step for the very ill – and I DO applaud that. Marijuana
    DOES NOT require FDA Approval (IMO) because it does not kill anyone,
    ever, it is an herb, a plant. It should NOT be on Schedule One – Why
    didn’t they just fix that? The States will do the rest and have the
    Right as well. You do not have to register to drink or produce alcohol
    do you?

  8. ĐΣFΣCŦΣĐ on

    Some class:2 drugs for sleeping / insomnia. Lets hope Doctors will see Cannabis as the replacement. Sleeping pills are easy to get. depressant///Glutethimide depressant///Pentobarbital depressant///Phencyclidine depressant///Secobarbital

  9. Whyiowa4medical on

    No, No, No!!! If you make cannabis a C-II there are many other restrictive powers that come into play!!! Don’t believe me? Look at all the C-II drugs people cannot get!! Like Percocet, Lortab (Vicodin), and every form of legal heroin!!! These drugs can only be prescribed “long-term” with a contract that you sometimes must travel 150 Miles or more to get!!! We cannot even consider C-II as it destroys so much, including grow-ops!!! A Personal plant would be just like the manufacture of Opium!!! No, C-II places us in a position to lose all gains that have been made. Take it from a medical professional, unless this bill loses, we could be in trouble. The regulations governing C-II have a DEA all their own, with even greater power; the BNDD (Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs)!!! Doctors pay for a license to prescribe these drugs yearly and are taught not to prescribe them!!! That portion of that Bill is what they want, every conservative that is anti-pot is hoping this passes!!! They will sweep in and make picky arrests, hell, they may take everyone the federal holding cells will fit!!! This is the same as running down the street yelling, “Opium and Morphine are legal!!!” This is true, but one needs a suspected intractable pain condition, and some require a suspected fatal date for the person. And these are simply the medically obvious rules C-II’s must meet!!! Declassify, or do not do anything at all!!! Sorry Johnny, this one was drafted without a medical professional!

  10. I think you’re talking about the party as it acts now. I was referring to the party it claims to be. The GOP is supposed to stand for supporting free market capitalism and limited government. What I’m saying is that if they do believe in that, then logically they should support cannabis legalization. My hope is that more will, especially now that they’ve seen that the majority of Americans support, and also that their fellow Republicans are coming out in support.

  11. 91% of Dems voted for keeping the DEA out of medicinal programs, only 22% of Republicans did.

    94% of Democrats voted to keep the feds out of pot banking, only 20% of Republicans did.

  12. “less government regulation and the protection of privacy”

    That would be funny if you were kidding.

    The “less regulation” thing is a joke when you take, say, abortion legislation into account. Or when the regulations they do away with would protect us from giant recessions like the Little Bush Depression. I could go on, if you like, with all kinds of issues where Republicans love more regulation. The drug war, for example.

    As for protection of privacy, you must be stoned. The GOP in America isn’t libertarian. It’s fascist.

    Case in point: 70% of Democrats voted against renewing the Patriot Act. Only 14% of Republicans did.

    As for Rand Paul, if you think he has a chance at becoming the GOP nominee, there’s a site called Predict It where you can bet against me on that…

    But he’s a bullshitter. Don’t believe a word he says, since he’ll be saying something else soon enough. Just look at how he’s moving to the right on foreign policy and war.

    “It makes sense that they’d jump on board the legalization wagon once they stopping thinking it’s political suicide to come out in support.”

    Yeah, maybe a few congressmen and Senators here and there, but you have to look at the polls to see that a majority of Republicans are against marijuana legalization, and therefore, you won’t see anyone who wants the GOP nomination coming out for legalization.

  13. This bodes well! There’s a GOP possible presidential candidate sponsoring this bill. Let’s hope this marks a turn for the GOP and their party’s stance on cannabis. Honestly, ending prohibition is exactly the sort of thing they stand for as a party – less government regulation and the protection of privacy. It makes sense that they’d jump on board the legalization wagon once they stopping thinking it’s political suicide to come out in support. Although I doubt this bill will actually pass as is, things are looking up! I can’t wait to see what happens next!

  14. Luckily there’s a possible GOP presidential candidate sponsoring this bill. Let’s hope this marks a turn for the GOP. Honestly, ending prohibition is exactly what they stand for as a party – less government regulation and the protection of privacy. It makes sense that they’d jump on board the legalization wagon once they stopping thinking it’s political suicide to come out in support.

  15. You’d be surprised! Texas is looking like it’s gearing up to legalize recreationally by 2020, and maybe even sooner! The majority vote is already there – it’s just a matter of getting the government to cooperate with what the people want.

  16. Me too I am so worried about big pharm having thier fingers in this. So they can manipulate it, change it and just make it dangerous like they do every other drug without a care what deadly effects the drug they create has, as long as they’re getting rich. No thanks, I’ll take it just the way GOD made it!

  17. I’m interested in how this will work “Permit interstate commerce in cannabidiol (CBD) oils” I’m in NY which has an awful MM program. i have psoriatic arthitis which doesnt qualify in NY. I travel to DC a lot an am wondering if i might be eligible to purchase in DC if this passes.

  18. ĐΣFΣCŦΣĐ on

    True. Door is now open a crack. Now its up to “We the people” to knock it down and kick out all those in the room who oppressed millions, since the 1900s.

  19. Don’t give up just yet Susan, we have majority support here in Texas too. And there have been state bills proposed for medical, decriminalization, and full legalization.

  20. I sure hope this passes. Now it’s time for me to move out of Texas where it will never be never be legalized for any reason.

  21. Studies have been done on this since 1860s nad even then proved the medicinal use to be real, but it didn’t show the medical industry a way to make money, so it has been supressed over 100s of years. (Yes… 100s of years.) Now more are being enlightened by it’s abilities that it can’t be ignored anymore. In the next decade the medicinal needs will be in full use.

  22. Steve Coombs on

    I say baby steps gets us closer to legalize…legalize on its own wouldnt even get a debate…they are trying something that has never been tried… I happen to think its huge.. kudos to all three of them

  23. These legislators could have used this bill to exempt marijuana from scheduling like alcohol and tobacco.
    That would bypass the DEA and turn over regulatory control to the ATF.
    With schedule 2 classification, they could just be throwing us a bone with no meat on it.

  24. taternuggets on

    Call me a pessimist, but I fear all this will do is create more restrictions. Schedule II scares me…. I just see marijuana being pushed into pharmacies and highly regulated by the FDA… “Smoke medicine? No way…. here’s the highly remanufactured pill version from smith-klynne glaxo whatever…”

  25. Silly Rabbit on

    I agree with everyone but then I voted for it before I voted against it, or something like that ….

    Seriously Brothers and Sisters this is another possible step towards legalization…. And it gets people talking and the more we talk the louder the FORs get and the softer the NOs get …..

    States are passing hemp bills left and right and I suspect with weed legal in DC this bill will bring that reality together in some news stories and hopefully get John Q Public behind and write their congressman and senators, I know I am …..

    We can do this!

  26. Yes correct, it declares a limit of 0.3% THC. This is a problem because CBD strains like Catatonic (a popular CBD Strain) which have has batches test as high as 17% CBD. 17% is an effective strength. The strain carries a ratio of 1:1 CBD to THC ratio. Thus the THC level would be 17% which is over 56x the strength limited by this bill. C’est la vie. This is still a victory for activists and hopefully the testing that this kind of bill could open up will pave the way to justify my rants.

  27. They are already dragging their feet on a spray that is has been up for aporoval. It is already legal in Canada.

  28. Lawrence Goodwin on

    I third those comments. Although it’s completely unacceptable that our lawmakers have let 44 YEARS go by before admitting the urgent need for this amendment. Cannabis plants were grown legally for 160 years, including for medical purposes, until a small group of tyrants had plotted to impose a prohibitive TAX. Then came the oppressive federal Schedule I status of “marihuana,” short for the seedless female flowers of cannabis. This has all been a SHAM from Day 1. It’s time to demand the full restoration of our American heritage: Growing cannabis plants with minimal interference by government.

  29. ĐΣFΣCŦΣĐ on

    So you can’t trade unless your crop is 0.3% THC? I thought this bill would give states rights? Fact that sugar is more deadly than THC you must wonder at times “wth” — where did rational drift off too?

  30. “medical marijuana is a nonpartisan, noncontroversial issue”

    Tell that to Florida.

    Anyone want to bet on how many GOP votes this gets?

  31. At least they the included the right for V.A. doctors to prescribe Medical Marijuana. As a long time farmer, I see a problem however with the .3% THC. Very few CBD heavy strains have such low THC, not to mention that myriad of benefits the THC has on disorders like PTSD. This restriction will prevent many people from receiving legal effective CBD medicines. This will enable Hemp an new avenue, but does not responsibly enable Medical CDB.

  32. I wish….the republicans are in control. Unfortunately that is all that needs to be said…. and also…darnn-it those shitheads.

  33. I was about to say “Schedule II is insufficient” until I saw that the law mandates there be at least three new licensed federal cannabis suppliers. Those licenses are issued by the DEA, who has reveled in NOT issuing any licenses to produce and distribute cannabis with one exception, the NIDA, whose sole purpose is to keep illegal drugs illegal, which is why they never approve any research that would show cannabis is both safe and beneficial.

    The trick is to ensure the licenses are issued to people/entities as far removed from the NIDA, DEA, and ONDCP as humanly possible. In fact, the very first license should be given to Professor Lyle Craker and/or the Multidisciplinary Association of Psychedelic Research (MAPS). Lyle Craker tried (and failed) for years and years to get a license to produce and distribute cannabis for research purposes after his own research (with full FDA-approval of his trial’s protocols) was stonewalled by an inability to legally obtain cannabis to use in his clinical study. I think he tried and failed for over seven years before giving up the fight.

    Needless to say, simply having the ability to study cannabis legally in the United States means the house of cards prohibition is built upon is going to be knocked down — the first domestic human clinical trial that proves cannabis is benign is the one thing the DEA/NIDA game of “gotcha” fears most. A nationwide end to cannabis prohibition would only be a matter of time.

  34. that low thc provision also LEGALIZES industrial HEMP production, way to go Rand Paul from Kentucky!

  35. ĐΣFΣCŦΣĐ on

    What is the meaning behind “seriously ill people”? What about those who have depression or insomnia? Are they decline a safer alternative? Not touching anti-depressants. So will the new legislation keep me on the streets when I need a safer alternative?

  36. I appreciate Weed Blog for giving me the opportunity to voice my opinions on this issue. Public opinion on legalization has changed very slowly during my life; finally a majority support it. I hope this bill will be another step forward. I just would like to see that classification lowered further than schedule 2. Marijuana is not an addictive narcotic and shouldn’t be classified as such.

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